Everyone knows that wood is an environmentally friendly material with a long service life. But, unfortunately, very often the owners of houses made of wood, no matter in what climate zone they reside, are faced with this disaster - the defeat of the structure of the fungus. Struck by a fungus wooden house, it can break or require very serious repair just 2-3 years. To avoid this serious problem, you need to understand why the infection can begin, and how to protect wood from fungus.
Types of fungi
The most favorable period for development of the fungus is a wet summer, it was then in a warm and soaked the tree is high probability of occurrence of the fungus. Fungi, which lead to the destruction of wood, divided into two types - tree coloring and the tree destroying.
Tree coloring fungus is less harmful to the tree, the main type of this fungus is known to all molds. Mold cannot destroy the whole wood, but it greatly disfigures the appearance of spots and color coating. For fiberboard mold is more harmful, because much of their hydrates, because of this board have significantly lowered the strength characteristics. Also worth noting is that mold spores are a severe allergy. If we talk specifically about the mold, the traces of its activity can be removed with the help of skins, but the consequences of the "Proceedings" of other tree coloring fungi would need to paint.
Staining of the structure is not in all cases, protects it from fungus in high humidity the fungus grows, even though a layer of varnish and paint. Most often infected with wet and not very long ago cut tree. Precisely because of this, before drying the lumber, it is treated by special trains, and during air-drying, the material must become weather-beaten and evenly on all sides. In the process of storage necessary to provide conditions under which the timber does not touch the ground and plants. And for good ventilation, logs and planks split strips between the layers.
Types of fungi
Tree destroying mushrooms are classified by type of exterior modifications of wood under their influence. The most common tree destroying fungus is a "brown rot", which gives the infected trees brown hue. Timber under the action loses its characteristics of strength and subsequently crashing into cubic pieces.
Hardwoods are often infected with the white rot ", acting on a tree, it makes it porous, gradually reducing the strength of wood. Tree destroying mushrooms appear in more than 30 percent humidity. Note that for this type of fungi does not matter, all the wood got wet or not - they carry water from one part to another. Therefore, only when a wet spot in the house fungi can disperse throughout the room.